(iv) Positive Connotation. 2) Banks may put restrictions and difficult terms and conditions. 7. Funding and Investing. asked Feb 19 in Business Studies by Ranjeet02 (51.4k points) sources of business finance; class-11; 0 votes. Public deposits: Public deposits refer to the unsecured deposits invited by companies from the public mainly to finance working capital needs. Public deposits are raised by organisations directly from the public and which helps them to finance short and medium term requirements. It does not depend on the investors’ preference and market conditions. Trading on Equity 4. Capital Markets . Demerits of commercial banks – 1) Investigation of company’s affairs before issuing loan. In this chapter we are going to learn about advantages and disadvantages of debt financing. 1. If companies were not to pay out a dividend there would be a risk that managers would get sloppy with the cash that built up and maybe embark on value-destroying acquisitions or make investments at ever-lower rates of return. As an internal source, it is more dependable than external sources. Demerits. A company wishing to invite public deposits makes an advertisement in the newspapers. Capital Markets. These deposits provide higher return than bank deposits. Essay on Capital Structure of a Company Essay Contents: Essay on the Meaning of Capital Structure Essay on the Classification of Capital Structure Essay on the […] It does not depend on the investors’ preference and market conditions. Distinction between shares and debentures. 12. Profit-making businesses must make tough decisions such as whether to reinvest earnings in further growth or to distribute it to shareholders through dividend payments. Use of retained profit does not involve any cost to be incurred for raising the funds,. Merits of Retained Earnings: - The management of many companies believes that retained earnings are funds which do not cost anything, although this is not true. The merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance are : MERITS OF PUBLIC DEPOSITS : (1) Generally the rate of interest on public deposit is higher than the rate of bank interest . Retained Earnings Definition: The Retained Earnings represent that portion of the equity earnings (left after deducting the tax and preference dividends), which is sacrificed by the equity shareholders and is ploughed back into the firm to reinvest these in the core business operations, such as paying off the debt obligations or purchasing a capital asset. It obviates the other hassles of raising funds via other sources. Trade credit arises when a supplier of goods or services allows customers to pay for goods […] The term “earnings per share” (EPS) refers to the dollar amount of the net income that has been earned by the owners of the common stock (a.k.a. Merits of Retained earnings. Meaning of Capital Structure 2. shareholders) at the end of a period (quarterly or yearly). Retained earnings ultimately come back to the equity shares in the form of enhanced dividend or capital gains. Determinants 5. State the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. After reading this article you will learn about the merits and demerits of self-financing. Retained earnings – meaning, merits and demerits. Now, the income-tax law has been amended in such a way that evasion of tax may not be possible by companies. Explain the merits and demerits of retained earnings. Merits and Demerits of: - Retained Earnings - Equity Capital - Preference Capital - Debenture Capital - Term Loans. Helps in increasing the market price of shares of the company. What is meant by Special Financial Institutions (SFIs)? State the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. Classification of Capital Structure 3. List of Disadvantages of Common Stocks. Coupon Bearing Instruments. Indeed, each element of privatization—from its apparent cost-saving properties to its possible negative impact on minority workers—provokes strong reaction. 1 answer. Factors Affecting Capital Markets. 5 (6) In the previous chapter we have learned about definition of debt financing and few of the examples of debt financing. Here we will be more specific to the topic and will be explain debt financing pros and cons … Advantages and Disadvantages of Debt Financing Read More » Risks are always associated with investing, but more of these are linked to common stocks. Merits 6. 2. asked Feb 2 in Business Studies by Ujjawal01 (65.2k points) class-11; 0 votes. Use of retained profit does not involve any cost to be incurred for raising the funds,. Goyal Bros. Prakashan - Video Lectures 104,714 views 4:08 (b) Loan capital: debentures. Sometimes, earnings are retained to minimize the corporate profits so that the tax liability may be reduced. Nonprofit organizations are generally in … Demerits of retained earnings: Ploughing-back of profits is possible only when there is stability in earnings. Financial institutions Retained earnings have the following four components: Last Year Reserves: as we know, retained earnings is a cumulative part of net profit means every year company makes profit and retains a portion of it rather than distributing. Rates of interest offered on public deposits are usually higher than that offered on bank deposits. asked Feb 19 in Business Studies by Ranjeet02 ( 51.5k points) sources of business finance State the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. ADVERTISEMENTS: Meaning: A company can accept deposits from the public to finance its medium- and short-term requirements of funds. OR Explain any five merits of ‘retained earnings’ as a source of finance. Ans. There are no expenses on prospectus, advertising etc. As such it provides more income to depositors. RETAINED EARNINGS FEATURES • Cost of financing • Floatation cost • Legal formality ADVANTAGES • Cheaper source of finance • Financial stability • Market value DISADVANTAGES • In proper utilization • Over capitalization • Low rate of dividend 10. 6. 5. Write five reasons to support this statement. There is no fixed commitment to pay dividend on such funds. They then need to think about how they invest any retained earnings at the highest rate of return possible so that they grow the dividend in the future. Discount Instruments. Risks involved in Money Market. 1. State the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. Retained earnings is an internal source of finance available to the company. - The dividend policy of the company is in practice determined by the directors. Provides greater degree of flexibility and freedom to the organization. In other words, it is a sacrifice made by equity shareholders also referred to as internal equity. Merits of Retained Earnings: It is a permanent source of fund for the company. asked Aug 1, 2018 in Business Studies by Sakil Alam ( 64.0k points) sources of business finance Write a short note on (a) Retained earnings (b) Trade credit. Merits of retained earnings: Retained profits reduce the dependence of company on external borrowings. It is a short-term credit extended by suppliers of goods and services in the normal course of business, to a buyer in order to enhance sales. Merits of commercial banks – 1) It is easily available. 2) They maintains secrecy about the business. Q.4:- State the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. OR ‘As a source of finance, retained earnings are better than other sources’. Profitable businesses also have to deal with heightened 21st century expectations that they balance profits with social and environmental responsibility. Merits of Retained earnings. State the mertis and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. 1 answer. The Society stand to benefit from the stability accorded to industrial sector by retained earnings. (iii) No Ownership Dilution. The earnings which a company generates using the capital can be retained by the company to finance the increased working capital and other fund requirements. High risk investment. 3. explain the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as a source of finance - business studies - Features of Public Deposits: The following are the features of public deposit: 1. Money Markets. Nonprofit Advantages . 2. 13. Debentures and Retained Earnings - Merits and Demerits Class XI Bussiness Studies by Ruby Singh - Duration: 4:08. ADVERTISEMENTS: Meaning: Trade credit is an important external source of working capital financing. Debt and Equity. ADVERTISEMENTS: After reading this essay you will learn about:- 1. State the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. 4. Describe three merits and three limitations of debentures as a source of long-term finance for a company. State the merits and demerits of public deposits and retained earnings as methods of business finance. 4. 3) It is also economical. Retained earnings are cheaper than external equity because the floatation costs, brokerage costs, underwriting commission are other issue expenses are eliminated. As an internal source, it is more dependable than external sources. The merits and drawbacks of privatization have been subjects of considerable debate among business-people, city leaders, and public employees alike. Various sources of funds for business Highlighting their Advantages and Disadvantages Does not involve any explicit cost; in the form of interest, dividend or floatation cost. Total public deposits cannot […] Loans … This source has become very popular off late because companies offer higher interest than the interest offered by banks. (c) Loans from commercial banks and Financial Institutions. However, it is true that the use of retained earnings as a source of funds does not lead to the payment of cash. The continuously growing retained earnings show that company is making profit and building good fundamentals. Money Market Instruments. 1. Merits of Retained Earnings: The management of many companies believes that retained earnings are funds which do not cost anything, although this is not true. However, it is true that the use of retained earnings as a source of funds does not lead to the payment of cash. Debentures and Retained Earnings - Merits and Demerits Class XI Bussiness Studies by Ruby Singh - Duration: 4:08. In other words, EPS assesses the ability of a company to generate net profits for the common shareholders. Debentures – meaning; kinds of debentures; advantages and disadvantages of debentures. Relying on retained earnings eliminates the fear of ownership dilution and loss of control by the existing shareholders. Companies normally retain 30 per cent to 80 percent of profit after tax for financing growth. Answer:-Public Deposits The deposits that are raised by organizations directly from the public are known as public deposits. A company develops an internal source of finance by having equity finance on board. If the business’s earnings go beyond what it needs to cover maintenance and growth, it has the option to distribute the excess to holders of common stocks, or make dividend payments. Money Market. Goyal Bros. Prakashan - Video Lectures 104,904 views 4:08 Their prices are volatile, fluctuating erratically. Retained Earnings. PREFERENCE SHARE CAPITAL • Types of Preference shares • Merits and demerits • Features of Preference shares 9. 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