Study for free with our range of university lectures! A juvenile delinquent is a person who is typically under the age of 18 and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. THEORIES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. This cloud of beliefs led to an increase in juvenile crimes when certain obstructions were encountered such as unequal social status and imbalanced availability of opportunities for all people (Esbensen & Huizinga, 1993, p. 301). In these instances, police, Throughout the history of childhood development poor social and economic conditions contributed to the many hardships and poor treatment of children. (2016:283) want, Juvenile delinquency Robert McNamara. A juvenile delinquent is a person who is typically under the age of 18 and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. Trait theory relies on the idea that delinquents show biological and physiological similarities to our primitive ancestors, the textbook The Juvenile Delinquency written by Siegel and Welsh describe it as “savage throwbacks of an earlier stage of human evolution. Refer to your browser's documentation to determine if Javascript is disabled and how to enable it. People no longer live together as a cluster leading to emergency of new social classifications with low-income populations finding themselves together and vice versa. This is because at this stage they have developed self-preferences, which may not by provided by the society, thus making them feels rejected (Larry et al. True. The question structural-functional theories tr… Modern society is experiencing a rapid increase in non-traditional family set ups with many people opting for single parenthood especially women to avoid commitments that come with one being a wife and at the same time a mother. During the early Middle Ages the "paternalist" family concept evolved and the father had authority and control over family matters including the welfare and safety of his wife and children. Whenever this fails to happen, these people turn for alternatives to ensure that the recapture their original status of self-satisfaction. However, these theories can still be associated with the traditional ones in one way or the other. According to Hå n-su & Hyå n-sil (2008, p. 51) this theory is fetched from the fact that modern societies have demonstrated a culture of separation where discrete groups of people have fragmented away from the main society and … Authorities have also bee associated with juvenile crimes as they drive the criminal justice systems (Agnew, 2005, p. 27). In the United States for instance, the minority constituted only 32 percent of the total population in 1995 but sixty eight percent of the total juvenile population in custody were from these minority groups mainly the Negros, Latinos, and Hispanics. The Classical School and Juvenile Delinquency 49 Delinquency Prevention and the Philosophy of Punishment 50 Exhibit 3.1 Theoretical Constructs of the Classical School of Criminology 50 General Deterrence 51 Specific Deterrence 51 Incapacitation 51 Rationality and Delinquency 51 Rational Choice Theory 51 The Routine Activities Approach 52 Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on … This affects the way the young people view them and any actions by the authorities automatically affect the reception given to them by young offenders. Americans had developed a culture that was filled with prospects for freedom, prosperity, and opportunity that he called the ‘American dream’. True. These differential affiliations have introduced the culture of learning antisocial behaviors that are clearly defined by criminal studies as crime. It is evident in many societies across the globe that these young people will always behave in a way suggesting that they are opposed to what pertains those perceived as opponents (Agnew, 2005, p. 119). It is worthy to note that some of the emerging theories are not yet official as they are formulated from the preexisting ones and therefore cannot be treated as autonomous. However, two primary, competing perspectives--classical and positivism--have emerged to determine culpability and treatment of juvenile delinquent behavior. Criminal organizations usually offer a very satisfactory settlement, as they are easy to accept and make one feel good thus restoring the much sought self-esteem. Developed by Clifford Shaw and McKay Henry in Chicago school, this theory closely relates juvenile delinquency to social disorganization of a society as dictated by the ecological aspects surrounding a society. Children took on the, The Classical And Classical Theories Of Juvenile Offending, Ignorance And Ignorance In Oedipus The King, Conflicts And Differences Of Abraham Lincoln And Julius Caesar, The Key To Enlightenment In Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha. Peer group influence has also provided a large surface area for juvenile crimes to thrive of thus quite a number of available theories are associated to this in a greater way. The Anomie Theory Of Juvenile Delinquency 1045 Words | 5 Pages. Biases that have lead to discrimination of certain specific minority groups among the many world societies have lead not only to unresolved conflicts, but also in an increase in juvenile delinquency especially in the American societies. Merton suggested that it is the role of the society to instill collective and positive aspirations of a society into it members and ensure this is continuous. The Rational Choice theory will be detailed throughout this paper as well as the theory’s established ways in which the theorists believe juvenile delinquency, the upper class commits crime to supplement capital and maintain control. All policy and practice in juvenile justice is shaped, intentionally or not, by theory. 12th December 2002 Youth from these poor neighborhoods tend to adopt immoral behavior, as they feel pressed by their socio-economic status well described as averagely low. Other documents focus on group differences and how those in positions of authority trigger commitment to crime by young people (Coleta et al 2007). Xiaogang & Lening (2008, p. 119) further reveals that delinquent children posed a negative response for these maters with 65 percent expressing total discomfort when in class learning, implying that they were not interested that much in attending school. The young adults in such status will always get into criminal activities so easily as the socio-economic status does very little to prevent indulgence in criminal activities (128). Merton used the term anomie to imply that the living standards of the people was like a dichotomous key subdivided in numerous hierarchical levels that dictates what was expected from them and what could actually be achieved by the people. This paper will focus on “A General Theory of Crime” using classical theory (Schmalleger, 2001, p.96-98), such as the relationship between crime and socioeconomic class structure. Most young people especially adolescents will always want to stay and fit in a place they feel accepted. 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