320 men died, including 202 African-Americans, and 390 others were injured. Like other autonomous nations of the former British Empire, Ireland was to remain part of the British Commonwealth, symbolically subject to the ...read more, On December 6, 1865, the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, officially ending the institution of slavery, is ratified. Marco Polo was a cargo ship built under a US Maritime Commission contract (as MC hull 1356), by the North Carolina Shipbuilding Co., Wilmington, North Carolina. Disneyland, Walt Disney’s metropolis of nostalgia, fantasy and futurism, opens on July 17, 1955. The remaining 50 men were put on trial for general court martial. Eleven years earlier, American Charles A. Lindbergh had become an international celebrity ...read more, Nils Bohlin, the Swedish engineer and inventor responsible for the three-point lap and shoulder seatbelt–considered one of the most important innovations in automobile safety–is born on July 17, 1920 in Härnösand, Sweden. As World War I raged in Europe, the port city of Halifax bustled with ships carrying troops, relief supplies, and munitions across the Atlantic Ocean. The blasts were felt as far away as Nevada and the resulting damage extended as far as San Francisco. Less than a month later, when ordered to load more munitions, but still having received no training, 258 African-American sailors refused to carry out the orders. Ammo Shipping Label is Required The book had been banned immediately in both the United States and England when it came out in 1922. The ammunition ship that blew up in Liverpool. Full Title: The Liberty Ship SS Robert Rowan explodes after being hit by a German bomber off the coast of Gela, Sicily on July 11, 1943. § 173.59. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Of the 320 men killed instantly, 202 were African-American and many were just teenagers. The Kilgore Manufacturing Company of Newark, Ohio, produced 9,000 boxes of antipersonnel and anti-tank mines destined for the government of Pakistan, while a separate shipment containing 1,800 cases of gelatin dynamite produced by the Hercules … The explosion sent a 15-foot wave over nearby piers and to the shore, killing dockworkers and thrusting an entire oil barge onto land. At approximately 8:45 a.m., the two ships collided, setting the picric acid ablaze. While the ammunition was removed from the ship, the crew attempted to restrict oxygen to the hold in hopes of putting out the fire. An ammunition ship explodes while being loaded in Port Chicago, California, killing 332 people on July 17, 1944. The pilot of a plane flying at 9,000 feet in the area claimed that metal chunks from the explosion flew past him. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Explosion was so powerful it was like a mini atomic bomb! Bryan. They were sentenced to between eight and 15 years of hard labor, though two years later all were given clemency. The Irish Free State, comprising four-fifths of Ireland, is declared, ending a five-year Irish struggle for independence from Britain. On 26 September 1687, the Parthenon, hitherto intact, was partially destroyed when an Ottoman ammunition bunker inside was struck by a Venetian mortar. Two hundred and eight of them were then sentenced to bad conduct discharges and pay forfeiture. Riddled with shrapnel, USS Mindanao suffered 23 killed and 174 wounded in the explosion. The events that transpired before the explosion proved particularly significant. A massive fire and explosion on board a Navy ship at the Naval Base San Diego has injured several sailors and sent billowing plumes of smoke and ash into the sky. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! All Rights Reserved. Moments later, a massive blast of the 3,800 tons of ordnance aboard obliterated the ship and killed every one of her over 300-man crew who were aboard. Today, Disneyland hosts more than 18 million ...read more, On July 17, 1941, New York Yankees center fielder Joe DiMaggio fails to get a hit against the Cleveland Indians, which brings his historic 56-game hitting streak to an end. All other allowable ammunition shipments are accepted only on a contractual basis, and must be prepared under the rules for a fully regulated hazardous material. The decisions reached at the conference ostensibly settled many of the pressing issues between the three wartime allies, but the meeting was ...read more. As the hatch was opened between the two vessels, commanders Thomas P. Stafford and Aleksei Leonov shook hands and ...read more, Douglas Corrigan, the last of the early glory-seeking fliers, takes off from Floyd Bennett field in Brooklyn, New York, on a flight that would finally win him a place in aviation history. Altamont, a new music festival in Northern California, was the brainchild of the Rolling Stones, who hoped to cap off their U.S. tour in late 1969 with a concert that would be the West Coast equivalent of Woodstock, in both scale and spirit. An ammunition ship explodes in the Port Chicago disaster, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/port-chicago-disaster. An ammunition ship explodes while being loaded in Port Chicago, California, killing 332 people on July 17, 1944. “Promptly a few minutes before twelve” the president wrote, “I looked up from the desk and there ...read more, Destined to make a fortune from the furs of the American West, John Jacob Astor is born in modest circumstances in the small German village of Waldorf. The second saw the Danish-registered Mare Altum, a 1,600-tonne chemical tanker, diverted from a … On the night of July 17, 1944, a massive explosion and fire tore through two ships and the pier. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-great-halifax-explosion. It was the worst mining disaster in American history. Make sure that your ammo is well-cushioned and contained tightly. In addition, greater emphasis was put on proper training in explosives handling and the munitions themselves were altered for greater safety. Listing of U.S. Navy Auxiliaries of World War II -- Ammunition Ships (AE): by type, class, and ship. The surviving men in these units, who helped put out the fires and saw the horrors firsthand, were quickly reassigned to Mare Island. At 9:05 a.m., in the harbor of Halifax in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, the most devastating manmade explosion in the pre-atomic age occurs when the Mont Blanc, a French munitions ship, explodes 20 minutes after colliding with another vessel. Poor procedures and lack of training led to the disaster. Approximately 320 workers were on or near the pier when, at 10:18 p.m., a series of massive explosions over several seconds destroyed everything and everyone in the vicinity. Garner dies after losing consciousness as a police officer locks him in an illegal chokehold, and within hours, a video ...read more, On July 17, halfway through a flight from Amsterdam to Malaysia, a passenger plane was shot down over the war-torn Ukraine-Russia Border. Two ships were docked … Three years earlier, its serialization in an American review had been cut short by the U.S. Post Office for the ...read more. At 9:05 a.m., in the harbor of Halifax in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, the most devastating manmade explosion in the pre-atomic age occurs when the Mont Blanc, a French munitions ship, explodes 20 minutes after colliding with another vessel. The ammunition loaders worried and complained about the safety of what they were doing, but their concerns were never addressed. The WWII-era SS Richard Montgomery sits just over a mile from shore – and locals fear that its 1,400 tonnes of potent explosives could go off at any time. Port Chicago, about 30 miles north of San Francisco, was developed into a munitions facility when the Naval Ammunition Depot at Mare Island, California, could not fully supply the war effort. The $17 million theme park was built on 160 acres of former orange groves in Anaheim, California, and soon brought in staggering profits. All Rights Reserved. Another 400 tons of explosives were nearby on rail cars. Halifax Explosion of 1945 Atlantic vessels were refit for their new duties in the Pacific. Short 1950 newsreel showing aftermath of the explosion. After months of work, I finally managed to get a new transfer of this epic footage. Joseph Paul DiMaggio was born November 25, 1914, ...read more, On July 17, 1945, President Harry S. Truman records his first impressions of Stalin in his diary. At 0855 on 10 November 1944 in Seeadler Harbor, Manus Island, Admiralty Islands (near New Guinea), an explosion occurred amidships near the Number 3 and Number 4 holds on the new ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11). Every building in Port Chicago was damaged and people were literally knocked off their feet. Among other things, the memorial is a reminder of the cost of segregation. At the same time, the French freighter Mont Blanc, its cargo hold packed with highly explosive munitions–2,300 tons of picric acid, 200 tons of TNT, 35 tons of high-octane gasoline, and 10 tons of gun cotton–was forging through the harbor’s narrows to join a military convoy that would escort it across the Atlantic. The loading of fuel was not completed until after the anti-sub… In the massive blast, the ship’s steel hull — loaded also with tobacco, sisal twine, and small arms ammunition — was turned to shrapnel. In 1883, the creation of the Norfolk and Western Railway opened a gateway to the ...read more, On December 6, 1884, in Washington, D.C., workers place a nine-inch aluminum pyramid atop a tower of white marble, completing the construction of an impressive monument to the city’s namesake and the nation’s first president, George Washington. The massive explosion killed more than 1,800 people, injured another 9,000–including blinding 200–and destroyed almost the entire north end of the city of Halifax, including more than 1,600 homes. “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the ...read more, In West Virginia’s Marion County, an explosion in a network of mines owned by the Fairmont Coal Company in Monongah kills 361 coal miners. All 298 people on board, most of whom were citizens of the Netherlands, died in the explosion. The ship arrived in Halifax on 3 December for neutral inspection and spent two days in Bedford Basin awaiting refuelling supplies. On July 9, 1943 Allied forces, primarily British, Canadian and U.S. invaded Sicily in Operation Husky. As early as 1783, the infant U.S. ...read more, President Roosevelt—convinced on the basis of intelligence reports that the Japanese fleet is headed for Thailand, not the United States—telegrams Emperor Hirohito with the request that “for the sake of humanity,” the emperor intervene “to prevent further death and destruction in ...read more, A federal judge rules that Ulysses by James Joyce is not obscene. The Port Chicago disaster eventually led to the implementation of far safer procedures for loading ammunition. Halifax explosion, also called Halifax explosion of 1917 or the Great Halifax Explosion, devastating explosion on December 6, 1917, that occurred when a munitions ship blew up in the harbour of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The huge explosion of John Harvey, possibly simultaneously with another ammunition ship, sent large amounts of oily water mixed with mustard into the air, which fell down like rain on men who were on deck at the time. The United States’ World War II military campaign in the Pacific was in full swing at the time. ... During the Second World War, in Liverpool, there was an armament ship that blew up. Spectators gathered along the waterfront to witness the spectacle of the blazing ship, and minutes later it brushed by a harbor pier, setting it ablaze. The booking of psychedelic rock god Jimi Hendrix with the made-for-television Monkees was the brainchild of ...read more, The final “Big Three” meeting between the United States, the Soviet Union and Great Britain takes place towards the end of World War II. Among the hundreds of ships supporting the vast Allied invasion fleet were dozens of the ubiquitous mass produced U.S. Liberty ships. Twenty sailors died as a result of the explosion or by asphyxiation due to the burning propellant gases. The Port Chicago Mutiny involved African American enlisted men in the U.S. Navy who refused to return to loading ammunition after a disastrous explosion at Port Chicago, California on July 17, 1944 that destroyed the Liberty ship SS E.A. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Unlike Woodstock, however, which was ...read more, A guard, who had been shot by brothers Frank, William, and Simeon Reno during a train robbery in May, dies of his wounds. The ammunition was stored in the Canadian Naval Ammunition Storage Depot at Bedford Basin, … The Halifax Fire Department responded quickly and was positioning its engine next to the nearest hydrant when the Mont Blanc exploded at 9:05 a.m. in a blinding white flash. At approximately 8:45 a.m., the SS Quinault Victory and SS E.A and. U.S. Liberty ships, killing 332 people on July 17, 1944 a large factor in the claimed... Factor in the Pacific was in full swing at the time all were given clemency before! 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