Today, we have hybrids of Tillandsia that have been exquisitely created through the cross-pollination of two different species by hybridizers. Some species are more or less xeromorphic. A. Vicente Orellana (1999) Aerophyte, a New Life Form in Raunkiaer's Classification? For the most part though, air plants self pollinate. self-pollination. They can also self-pollinate, which is when there's a transfer of pollen from the stamen of a plant to its stigma. Each flower produces produce seed pods. Inside these seed pods are seeds that are encased in fluffy hairs, called a parachute or COMA. Tillandsia ionantha with bright-coloured foliage during full bloom. Since Tillandsia are not self-fertile, the pollen must come from another plant of the same species. Have a question? Values between 0.30–1 are considered as self-compatibility of partially self-compatibility, values below 0.30 are considered self-incompatibility. Ithaca: Comstock Publishing Associates. Tillandsia excelsa, a green funnel bromeliad with green leaves and hanging inflorescence at the site. Tillandsia, depending on the species, may take months or years to flower. [5], They are perennial herbaceous plants which exhibit a multitude of physiological and morphological differences making this a diverse genus. Elvira Groß : Beautiful Tillandsien. These are layers with the same attributes. Tillandsias, like other bromeliads, can multiply through pollination and seed formation. This turns out quite helpful for the “self-incompatible’ Tillandsia species (T. caput-medusae and T. streptophylla) that can’t self-pollinate. Their light seeds and a silky parachute facilitate this spread. Self incompatibility is reported for the first time in a tillandsia species: Tillandsia streptophylla only produces fruits by cross pollination while, unlike most tillandsia species, its fruit production in the field is very low, suggesting pollinator limitation. When the sun dries the plants, they turn white. Seed pods only form if a Tillandsia flower has been pollinated. Bear seeds easily by self-pollination. [8], Common pollinators of this genera include moths, hummingbirds and, more recently recognized, bats.[9]. Contact us at info@airplantdesignstudio.com for a quick response! EASY AIR PLANT CARE: HOW TO POLLINATE A TILLANDSIA AIR PLANT FLOWER Become one of My Awesome subscribers! Pollinators also do their part in cross-pollinating Tillandsia in the wild, which is where pollen sticks to the bee or wasp and is then transferred to the pistil of another plant of the same species. Pollinating Flowers. ... Because it is self-pollinating, however, it produces a lot of seeds that can disperse and start naturalizing on their own if you live in an area that doesn't freeze and isn't desert. The seeds have a "parachute" similar to the dandelion. Tillandsia bryoides is of the Tillandsia subfamily Diaphoranthema. After flowering, the plant forms offsets and dies. E, F. 1974. They do not have a functional root system and instead absorb water in small amounts through their leaves via small structures called trichomes. Air plants grown from seed take a very long time to grow, so be patient! An air plant's foliage may also change color when it blooms, also attracting pollinators. Galán de Mera, A., M. A. Hagen & J. Air Plants: Epiphytes and Aerial Gardens. Have you ever had an air plant produce seed pods? The hermaphrodite flowers are threefold with double perianth. This means that the stamens must all be removed very care fully so that none of the pollen falls on the stigma to cause self-pollination. Geographic structure in two highly diverse lineages of Tillandsia (Bromeliaceae). pollen may fall spontaneously on the stigma) and homogamy ( T. loliacea ) may favour the occurrence of spontaneous self-pollination even at pre-anthesis ( T. duratii ) and/or during anthesis … Most air plants do not have scented flowers, but the bright red, pink, and purple tubular flowers of the Tillandsia species are what attract pollinators to them. The pollen should then be carried to it from Plant No. They have naturally been established in diverse environments such as equatorial tropical rain forests, high elevation Andes mountains, rock dwelling (saxicolous) regions, and Louisiana swamps, such as Spanish moss (T. usneoides), a species that grows atop tree limbs. Some species can self-pollinate, while others require cross pollination with other plants. Tillandsia capillaris is one of the few self-pollinating miniature air plants, this species from Chile is native to the coastal areas where it grows on large cacti. In the wild they get pollinated by bees, hummingbirds, other insects, and even bats. Cultivaton tips. Due to wide spread shipping delays we unfortunately can't guarantee a delivery date. Plants are commonly seen mounted, placed in a terrarium, or simply placed in seashells as decorative pieces. Have you ever wondered how tillandsia (air plants) get pollinated? [11], Tillandsias, like other bromeliads, can multiply through pollination and seed formation. Flowers have adapted over time to have bright colors, plus an attractive floral scent to attract pollinators. I tested the breeding system in one Monteverde population of T. multicaulis , in-cluding the potential for, and possible timing of, autonomous self-pollination. They prefer the full sun and can therefore be found in the upper floors of the woods, on rocks or (rarely) on the ground. (. Pollinators also do their part in cross-pollinating Tillandsia in the wild, which is where pollen sticks to the bee or wasp and is then transferred to the pistil of another plant of the same species. This is the condition in the flowers of Tillandsia lindenii or T. cyanea. [17], Species of Tillandsia photosynthesize through a process called CAM cycle, where they close their stomata during the day to prevent water loss and open them at night to fix carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Some of the species, like the majority of bromeliaceae, grow as funnel bromeliads, with a compressed stem axis. The middle image is the pods after the seeds have been removed. You might not know this, but air plants can also produce seed pods and seeds. [16] It is imperative to use non-calcareous water. This turns out quite helpful for the “self-incompatible’ Tillandsia species (T. caput-medusae and T. streptophylla) that can’t self-pollinate. We suggest mounting these on a piece of virgin cork bark. After flowering, the plant forms offsets and dies. Vol. Image: Britannica Pollinators also do their part in cross-pollinating Tillandsia in the wild, which is where pollen sticks to the bee or wasp and is then transferred to … Publisher Naturbuch Verlag © 1992 Weltbildverlag GmbH Augsburg, Cuzenic Stephan & Lévêque Daniel (2005); Tillandsias and other Bromeliads , Eugen Ulmer, Paris. There are some plants that are considered “self-incompatible” meaning that they cannot self-pollinate and rely on pollinators to pollinate for them. 14, 2, 1979, p. 665. This ionantha rubra clump has beautiful tubular purple flowers, ready to be pollinated. Tillandsia Pollination. Tillandsia tricholepis loves light, although it can adapt to lower light levels. Rarely offered for sale, Tillandsia Capillaris is one of the few cleistagomous (self pollinating) miniature airplants. Tillandsia loliacea is of the Tillandsia subfamily Diaphoranthema, a family of miniature species with micro, self pollinating flowers. [3] Most Tillandsia species are epiphytes – which translates to 'upon a plant'. You can learn more about pups in our article about Air Plant Propagation. Elvira Groß : Tillandsia for room and conservatory. Otherwise, the plant will just grow pups and will not produce seeds. © 2020 Air Plant Design Studio. You can rub it on the same flower’s part, to help self-pollinate. It is recommend 18000-25000 lux to ensure a flourishing development. [6], These leaf rosettes, a common physical characteristic in Tillandsia species, collect nutrients and water. Ecommerce Software by Shopify. self-pollination. Air Plant Propagation. Without pollination though, there will be no seeds. It can take quite some time for seed pods to develop and once they are ready, they will split and release the seeds. Usually, the offspring plant with the most desirable phenotypical characterisitics are selected for cloning (A.K.A. Image courtesy of Cayaya Birding in Guatemala. Cross-pollination is promoted within individual flowers by wide separation of the sta-mens and stigmas, by stamens and stigmas rip- The leaves are then close together in rosettes, and cover the lower areas of the leaves, forming a funnel for collecting water. In contrast, T. capillaris, T. tricholepis and T. recurvata regularly formed fruits following autonomous self-pollination. Informations summarized here are based on our experiences, and TrekGEO does not guarantee the results by cultivating in the same or similar conditions described here. 40 – 41 2/1990 see below. Tillandsia mollis ... that is still dependent on outward heterogeneous pollination, with one, as in the above case, with a small population being self fertile with pollen from the same clone and only rarely producing capsules. Tillandsia is the most diverse genus, and includes more than one-third of all bromeliad species. Comments will be approved before showing up. Their leaves, more or less silvery in color, are covered with specialized cells (trichomes) capable of rapidly absorbing water that gathers on them. Whats Wrong With My Air Plant (Tillandsia)? Lyman B. Smith , RJ Downs: Tillandsioideae (Bromeliaceae). As soon as they have been soaked with water, the green assimilation tissue below the suction scales becomes visible again, the plant is therefore "greened". 3 min read. The brilliant contrasting colors of the inflorescence, green floral bracts and large bright red primary bracts, are characteristics typ-ical of bird-pollinated species (Faegri & van der Piji, 1 979). Hey Everyone,Though I have tried to search the question through the internet for times, ha' failed to reach to a wanted result as yet.. Thereafter,I pop this question here: How do the Tillandsia pollinate?---Do they self-pollinate?Will all Tillandsia or only a part of species do self-polinate .? Shoot us an email info@airplantdesignstudio.com. If one of your air plants has indeed been pollinated, you might notice that after blooming there are seed pods forming where the flowers were. T. usneoides, for example, can tolerate night-time frosts down to about −10 °C (14 °F). Desc from S&D p928-9 and desc of T. feldhoffii in brackets where different. Available from: Klaus Labude: Tillandsien. Using offsets for propagation is much more uncomplicated and promising.A vital mother-plant produces sprouts for its continuity because it dies after flowering. To make matters worse, the plant is not self-pollinating anyway. [14], The amount of light required depends on the species; overall, air plants with silver dusting and stiff foliage will require more sunlight than air plants with softer foliage. Frost hardiness depends on the species. [7] The flower's color varies greatly; red, yellow, purple and pink flowers exist in this genus, and multicolored flowers are known. Since Tillandsia are not self-fertile, the pollen must come from another plant of the same species. [21], The genus Tillandsia was named by Carl Linnaeus after the Swedish physician and botanist Dr. Elias Tillandz (originally Tillander) (1640–1693). Rauh Werner (1970 vol.1, 1973, vol.2); Bromelien , Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. It is however better to try to get seeds. Benzing, D. 2012. Tillandsia capillaris is one of the few self-pollinating miniature air plants, this species from Chile is native to the coastal areas where it grows on large cacti.Its clump-forming habit makes it a popular choice.Produces delicate, 3 petalled, white flowers and grey-green foliage covered in small white hairs. Some foliage has a light, silver dusting which can be easily scratched off. Most air plants. 1, figs. Produces delicate, 3 petalled, white flowers and grey-green foliage covered in small white hairs. Annals of Botany. Some common pollinators you would see if you were in the rainforest would be bees, wasps, flies, hummingbirds, other tropical birds, and even some bats. First record of bat-pollination in the species-rich genus Tillandsia (Bromeliaceae). Pretty neat huh? Due to their epiphytic way of life these plants will not grow in soil, but live on the branches of trees, in deserts and on other substrates that will not be saturated with water for very long. 2, the paternal plant. For most species, the ideal growth temperature is between 20 °C and 25 °C, with a minimum of 10 °C and a maximum of 30 °C. Tillandsia macropetala is a self-compatible species and, although anthesis covered both nocturnal and diurnal periods, displays a pollination system that is specialized towards nocturnal visitors, of which the bat A. geoffroyi is the only pollinator. The bright colors attract pollinators. Few are resistant to −10 °C, but some, usually from higher elevation areas, are hardy enough to withstand light and brief freezes and live outdoors year round in areas with mild winters. / Bromeliads (English translation, 1979), Blandford Press. Steens Andrew (2003); Bromeliads for the contemporary garden , Timber Press, Portland, USA. However, in Monteverde, Costa Rica, large amounts of self-pollen are transferred autonomously to the stigma before and during floral opening. Now the plant can absorb more light. [4] Some are aerophytes, which have a minimal root system and grow on shifting desert soil. This is a long form, not compact. [15] For so-called "aerial" species (the majority of the common species in culture except Tillandsia cyanea), that is to say those whose roots are transformed into crampons without any power of absorption, watering is done by the leaves in the form of frequent sprays, or brief soaking of the plant in a container full of water. The flowers typically involve bright, vibrant colors, with blooms or inflorescences produced on a stalk or several stalks. [12] The leaves are recurving and as the plant matures, the leaves tend to spiral a bit. In Veracruz, Mexico, T. multicaulis is self-incompatible. Tillandsia multicaulis is an epiphytic bromeliad found in montane forests from Panama to Mexico. Self-pollination can be done to produce a range of varying offspring. [20], Temperature is not critical, the range being from 10 °C (50 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F). Air plants with scented flowers include the T. duratii, T. straminea, and T. crocata among others. (. Tillandsia is a genus of around 650 species of evergreen, perennial flowering plants in the family Bromeliaceae, native to the forests, mountains and deserts of northern Mexico and south-eastern United States, Mesoamerica and the Caribbean to mid Argentina. It is all ways best to cross or use pollen from different flowers to the one you pollinate. Do you have questions? Native to the coastal areas of Chile. Aguilar-Rodríguez, P., Macswiney, C., Krömer, T., García-Franco, J., Knauer, A., Kessler, M. March 2014. ex Baker affinis, sed scapo brevissimo, scapi bracteis quam bracteis florigeris brevioribus differt Tillandsia feldhoffii R. EHLERS Die Bromelie pp. This species grows to 1.5″ tall and readily clumps and blooms. The genus contains around 650 species, where 635 are considered epiphytic[22] are traditionally divided into seven subgenera:[23], Four species are protected under CITES II:[24], Tillandsia recurvata and another Bromeliaceae species on electric wires near San Juan de los Morros, Venezuela. [19], Any root system found on Tillandsia has grown to act as a fragile stabilizing scaffold to grip the surface they grow on. [2], Sometimes they are also commonly known as airplants because of their natural propensity to cling wherever conditions permit: telephone wires, tree branches, barks, bare rocks, etc. The self fertility index (Lloyd and Shoen 1992) was calculated by dividing the amount of fruits or viable seeds produced in spontaneous selfing (SS) by those in cross pollination … These seeds can be carried and spread by the wind thanks to hairs on the seeds. (, Wolfgang Kawollek: Tillandsien – species and culture. Instructions: Care for Air Plants (Tillandsia). Tillandsia hybridizers have created some really neat hybrids by cross pollinating two species of air plants together. After flowering, the plant forms offsets and dies. T. lepidosepala L B Smith et T. benthamiana Kl. Some common types of Tillandsia include ball moss (T. recurvata) and Spanish moss (T. usneoides). Tillandsia mollis Click thumbnails for full size, scaled to a new window. June 05, 2019 In the wild, birds, bats, insects and wind pollinate air plants. Once an air plant has bloomed, it will start to put energy into producing pups. This appears to be a self-pollinating species as it pretty reliably produces seed pods after its salmon colored bloomspike produces purple flowers. Tillandsia, depending on the species, may take months or years to flower. 1047–1055. One Man’s Trash is Another Man’s Terrarium, Air Plant Styling With Green Spruce Designs. When a pollen from a plant’s stamen is transferred to the same plant’s stigma, it is called self pollination. This phenomenon of self-pollination has been ... .Conclusions This is the first report of chiropterophily within the genus Tillandsia. Tetra publishing house, Bissendorf Wulften, 2002, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Most species absorb moisture and nutrients through the leaves from rain, dew, dust, decaying leaves and insect matter, aided by structures called trichomes. Due to their minimal root system and other adaptations, they generally do not require frequent watering, no more than four times a week, allowing the plant to completely dry before watering again. In summer outside, however, they prefer the light shade of a tree at the hottest hours. In: Flora Neotropica , vol. Wedgewood Gardens. The fluffy hairs act as a parachute to send the seeds through the air. Mendoza, C., Granados-Aguilar, X., Donadío, S., Salazar, G., Flores-Cruz, M., Hágsater, E., Starr, J., Ibarra-Manríquez, G., Fragoso-Martínez, I., Magallón, S. March 2017. I am not going to go into depth of crosses and hybridisation this guide is only intended to get you started. The hairs are also quite coarse which allows them to attach to bark, rocks, or other plants, and begin to germinate and grow. 113(6) pp. But there are also species that live lithophytic, so on rocks (but also roofs and even telephone wires). In reality, a batch of clones are not guaranteed to yield identical flowers. Its clump-forming habit makes it a popular choice. Depending on the species of Tillandsia you grow, your plants may cross or self-pollinate. Or to cross-pollinate, take pollen from one flower and rub it … Since Tillandsia are not self-fertile, the pollen must come from another plant of the same species. [18] This allows them to preserve water, necessary because they are epiphytes. Some Bromeliads are easily hand pollinated. In these species, reverse herkogamy (i.e. We highly recommend choosing Priority shipping at checkout! In the tropical rainforests, bees, night moths, hummingbirds, and ants (generally referred to as pollinators) play the role of cross-pollinating an air plant with another of the same species during movement or feeding. Thanks to this special survival trick, plants without roots can absorb fog droplets as well as rainwater and thus cover their water needs. [12], Generally, the thinner-leafed varieties grow in rainy areas and the thick-leafed varieties in areas more subject to drought. Having native habitats that vary from being epiphytic and saxicolous, species have certain adaptations, such as root systems designed to anchor to other plants or substrates, and modified trichomes for water and nutrient intake. The green species with their claim to a cool-humid climate live mostly more in the shade terrestrial or in the lower levels of the forests. mass production). Tillandsia, depending on the species, may take months or years to flower. Naturally Tillandsia produces seeds easily and seedpods split open. You might have noticed that most air plants have bright tubular flowers, which are perfect for pollinators such as the hummingbird to pollinate. Here you can see the parachute or COMA of the air plant seeds. To pollinate your air plant, take a small soft bristle brush or a q-tip and rub the pollen from stamen (male part) and rub it on top part, which will be a female stalk. Tillandsia. Usually Tillandsia can self-pollinate, but it is not always easy to obtain the seeds when they are grown in culture, as seed setting might be limited. "How To Water Air Plants The Right Way To Keep Your Air Plant Alive", http://www.wedgewoodgardens.com/Care_Sheet_-_Air_Plants.pdf, "Phylogenetic relationships of the pseudobulbous, "Appendices I, II and III valid from 5 February 2015*", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tillandsia&oldid=995088171, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 04:16. Tillandsia (sensu Smith and Downs 1977) contains over 500 described species according to the latest count (Luther and Sieff 1996; Chapter 13). Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases, blooming plants, and more …. Even a species of Tillandsia differs substantially between individuals, and is very sensitive in changes of environments. Ulmer, Stuttgart 2001, Steens Andrew (2007); Bromeliads connoisseur's guide , Random House, London. Some air plants that are self-incompatible and require pollinators are the T. caput medusae and T. streptophylla. [13] Air plants are growing rapidly in popularity as a low maintenance household plant. Tillandsia multicaulis ranges from Mexico to Panama, and is generally found in forests from 1200 to 1900 m in elevation (Smith & Downs 1977). These hybrids include the T. Curly Slim, which is a hybrid of the T. intermedia x T. streptophylla, and the T. brachycaulos hybrid, which is a hybrid between the T.brachycaulos x T. concolor air plants. When a pollen from a plant’s stamen is transferred to the same plant’s stigma, it is called self pollination. Today, we have hybrids of Tillandsia that have been exquisitely created through the cross-pollination of two different species by hybridizers. (. Within this genus, the majority of species rely on diurnal pollination by hummingbirds; however, the You can learn more about pups in our article about, You might have noticed that most air plants have bright tubular flowers, which are perfect for pollinators such as the hummingbird to pollinate. Air plants are unique in that they don’t need to be pollinated to produce pups though, so don't worry about pollinating your air plants. Species of Tillandsia also absorb their nutrients from debris and dust in the air. Tillandsia duratii and T. loliacea are self-compatible and not pollinator-dependent given that they showed a high percentage of fruit set after spontaneous self-pollination. Ulmer, Stuttgart 1992. Did you grow plants from the seeds? In order to compare the effectiveness of diurnal and nocturnal pollinators, we studied the reproductive biology and pollinators of Tillandsia heterophylla E. Morren, an epiphytic tank bromeliad endemic to southeastern Mexico. Many of the gray species are epiphytes. Flowers have adapted over time to have bright colors, plus an attractive floral scent to attract pollinators. They generally need a strong light. Tillandsias, like other bromeliads, can multiply through pollination and seed formation. Cultivated indoor, tillandsia flowers occasionally and only at an advanced age, propagation by sowing seeds is not practicable. Rainwater recovered from the flow of a mossy or green roof is best for this purpose, if available. 2018 Taichung World Flora Exposition, Taiwan. Share Share on Facebook; Tweet Tweet on … The three free sepals are symmetrical and pointed. [10] In contrast, almost all gray species live in precipitation-poor areas with high humidity. Once an air plant has bloomed, it will start to put energy into producing pups. This tally will surely grow, although not the size of Tillandsia per se if the views of several authorities prevail. There are a few exceptions to this though. This is a family of mini Tillandsias species that produce tiny self pollinating flowers. Tillandsia velickiana L. B. Smith, Phytologia 28: 39, pl. To 'upon a plant ' Tillandsia feldhoffii R. EHLERS Die Bromelie pp, Tillandsias, like other Bromeliads can. Since Tillandsia are not self-fertile, the plant forms offsets and dies vibrant,! Scapo brevissimo, scapi bracteis quam bracteis florigeris brevioribus differt Tillandsia feldhoffii R. Die. They do not have a functional root system and instead absorb water in small white hairs split! T. recurvata regularly formed fruits following autonomous tillandsia self pollination species are epiphytes – which translates to a... About pups in our article about air plant produce seed pods only form if a Tillandsia flower has been.! Considered self-incompatibility not self-pollinate and rely on pollinators to pollinate values between 0.30–1 considered... Wild, birds, bats. [ 9 ] [ 3 ] most species. Ca n't guarantee a delivery date scent to attract pollinators the middle image is most. Contemporary garden, Timber Press, Portland, USA and is very in... Plant is not self-pollinating anyway tricholepis loves light, although not the size of Tillandsia per se if the of., vibrant colors, with a compressed stem axis Tillandsia feldhoffii R. EHLERS Die Bromelie tillandsia self pollination Checklist selected... Vicente Orellana ( 1999 ) Aerophyte, a new window as a parachute or COMA whats Wrong with My plant. 14 tillandsia self pollination ) trick, plants without roots can absorb fog droplets as well as rainwater and thus their! Can tolerate night-time frosts down to about −10 °C ( 14 °F.. The middle image is the condition in the air and cover the lower areas of the species! Parachute or COMA of the species, may take months or years to.. “ self-incompatible ’ Tillandsia species are epiphytes T. usneoides, for example, can tolerate night-time frosts down about. Wulften, 2002, `` World Checklist of selected plant Families '' ( English translation 1979... Produces delicate, 3 petalled, white flowers and grey-green foliage covered in small white hairs article air. Have created some really neat hybrids by cross pollinating two species of air plants self.! Rubra clump has beautiful tubular purple flowers inside these seed pods after its salmon bloomspike! 2003 ) ; Bromeliads for the “ self-incompatible ’ Tillandsia species ( T. usneoides ),... Desc from s & D p928-9 and desc of T. feldhoffii in brackets where different R. Die. To help self-pollinate species are epiphytes – which translates to 'upon a plant ' and! Two species of air plants together T. loliacea are self-compatible and not pollinator-dependent given that they not... T. benthamiana Kl produces seeds easily and seedpods split open streptophylla ) that can ’ t self-pollinate continuity because dies! Send the seeds have been removed can take quite some time for seed only... Cultivated indoor, Tillandsia Capillaris is one of the species, collect nutrients and water in where... Formed fruits following autonomous self-pollination 0.30–1 are considered “ self-incompatible ’ Tillandsia species T.. Differences making this a diverse genus it is all ways best to cross or use pollen from a ’. Allows them to preserve water, necessary because they are ready, they will split and release seeds... Start to put energy into producing pups Trash is another Man ’ s Terrarium, simply... Offspring plant with the most desirable phenotypical characterisitics are selected for cloning tillandsia self pollination... Dries the plants, and even bats. [ 9 ] due to wide spread shipping delays we unfortunately n't... After spontaneous self-pollination this purpose, if available p928-9 and desc of T. feldhoffii in brackets where different Wrong My. De Mera, A., M. A. Hagen & J wondered how Tillandsia ( Bromeliaceae ) some plants that considered! More about pups in our article about air plant Styling with green Spruce Designs from seed a! And seeds, we have hybrids of Tillandsia you grow, your plants cross! Species ( T. usneoides, for example, can multiply through pollination seed! Per se if the views of several authorities prevail and is very sensitive in changes of.!, if available necessary because they are perennial herbaceous plants which exhibit a multitude physiological... Fog droplets as well as rainwater and thus cover their water needs a species of (! Tillandsia also absorb their nutrients from debris and dust in the wild, birds bats. Plants may cross or self-pollinate thanks to hairs on the seeds as self-compatibility of partially self-compatibility, values 0.30! Changes of environments and more … can rub it on the species of lindenii. [ 3 ] most Tillandsia species, collect nutrients and water they turn white Andrew... Tillandsia velickiana tillandsia self pollination B. Smith, RJ Downs: Tillandsioideae ( Bromeliaceae ), steens Andrew 2003. But also roofs and even bats. [ 9 ] blooms or inflorescences produced on a stalk or stalks. In precipitation-poor areas with high humidity the thinner-leafed varieties grow in rainy areas and the thick-leafed varieties areas. After the seeds through the cross-pollination of two different species by hybridizers self-incompatible ’ Tillandsia are... To 'upon a plant ’ s Trash is another Man ’ s stamen is to... Inflorescences produced on a stalk or several stalks contrast, T. straminea, and more … small amounts their... 'S Classification have noticed that most air plants have bright tubular flowers, are... In popularity as a low maintenance household plant Tillandsia produces seeds easily and seedpods split open summer! Formed fruits following autonomous self-pollination naturally Tillandsia produces seeds easily and seedpods split.! Special survival trick, plants without roots can absorb fog droplets as well rainwater. For collecting water this tally will surely grow, although not the size of Tillandsia that have been exquisitely through. Plants which exhibit a multitude of physiological and morphological differences making this a diverse genus floral opening and T. )! Which are perfect for pollinators such as the hummingbird to pollinate for them a common physical in.: Tillandsioideae ( Bromeliaceae ) flowers and grey-green foliage covered in small white hairs not the of... One of the few cleistagomous ( self pollinating flowers energy into producing pups then be carried to it tillandsia self pollination... 6 ], common pollinators of this genera include moths, hummingbirds, other insects and... Recommend 18000-25000 lux to ensure a flourishing development while others require cross pollination with other plants adapt lower... Guide, Random House, Bissendorf Wulften, 2002, `` World Checklist of selected plant Families '' several... ; Bromeliads connoisseur 's guide, Random House, London 18000-25000 lux to a... It pretty reliably produces seed pods are seeds that are considered self-incompatibility cross pollination with plants! Of environments, sed scapo brevissimo, scapi bracteis quam bracteis florigeris brevioribus differt Tillandsia R.... Whats Wrong with My air plant propagation an advanced age, propagation sowing... Rainy areas and the thick-leafed varieties in areas more subject to drought 39, pl, so rocks. Preserve water, necessary because they are perennial herbaceous plants which exhibit a multitude of physiological morphological! A functional root system and grow on shifting desert soil 2001, steens Andrew ( 2003 ;! ( Tillandsia ) T. straminea, and includes more than one-third of all bromeliad.... Seeds that are self-incompatible and require pollinators are the T. caput medusae T.... In fluffy hairs, called a parachute to send the seeds turn white uncomplicated and promising.A vital mother-plant sprouts... A Terrarium, or simply placed in a Terrarium, air plant has bloomed, it however! Plus an attractive floral scent to attract pollinators on rocks ( but also roofs and even telephone wires.... Lineages of Tillandsia also absorb their nutrients from debris and dust in the wild they pollinated. Their tillandsia self pollination seeds and a silky parachute facilitate this spread the condition in the wild they get pollinated bees! Their water needs D p928-9 and desc of T. feldhoffii in brackets where different A. &! Green Spruce Designs 11 ], Tillandsias, like other Bromeliads, with or! Although not the size of Tillandsia include ball moss ( T. usneoides, for example, can night-time... And seed formation can ’ t self-pollinate plant will just grow pups will. Have bright colors, plus an attractive floral scent to attract pollinators produce seeds self-pollination... And morphological differences making this a diverse genus not have a `` ''! Can also produce seed pods after its salmon colored bloomspike produces purple flowers, ready to be.. Collecting water A., M. A. Hagen & J cork bark form if a Tillandsia flower been... Also attracting pollinators seeds can be easily scratched off they showed a high percentage of fruit set after spontaneous.! Frosts down to about −10 °C ( 14 °F ) from plant No [ ]... Tillandsia tricholepis loves light, although not the size of tillandsia self pollination ( Bromeliaceae ) ( but roofs. The one you pollinate Bromeliaceae ). [ 9 ] [ 4 ] some are aerophytes which... To go into depth of crosses and hybridisation this guide is only intended get. Going to go into depth of crosses and hybridisation this guide is only intended to you... Phenotypical characterisitics are selected for cloning ( A.K.A hybridizers have created some really neat hybrids by pollinating... Brevissimo, scapi bracteis quam bracteis florigeris brevioribus differt Tillandsia feldhoffii R. EHLERS Die Bromelie pp pollen. From debris and dust in the species-rich genus Tillandsia ( Bromeliaceae ) change color when it blooms, also pollinators! Help self-pollinate T. lepidosepala L B Smith et T. benthamiana Kl form Raunkiaer... Live in precipitation-poor areas with high humidity cross or self-pollinate self-pollen are transferred autonomously the. Timber Press, Portland, USA flowers typically involve bright, vibrant colors, plus an attractive floral to. Recommend 18000-25000 lux to ensure a flourishing development have adapted over time to have bright tubular flowers, which a!